Here’s our new list of vocabulary words. As usual with this series all of the words are derived from a synonym of a commonly used word. This week’s that word is believe.
This week’s words.
Believe has two main definitions. First, it can mean to accept something as being true or correct. This is often used to mean that a person thinks something that was said or stated is true.
- I believe what she told me.
- I believe you, when you tell me you didn’t do it.
The other definition is to think something. It means to have an opinion. This could be something that is true or false, or it could be something that makes absolutely no sense. All that matters is that someone thinks it. This definition of the word can almost always be changed out with the word think.
- I believe you can do it.
- Do you believe that it’s ok for us to use this?
In this post we’ll learn the words suspect, conjecture, and deduce. These are are synonyms for the second definition of believe.
Here we go.
Suspect– means to have the idea or impression of what the truth is, without knowing 100% for sure that it’s true. In short, when one suspects something, they think it’s true, they don’t know it’s true. This is different from an opinion. An opinion is what you think. When you suspect something it means that you have an idea that something might be true. You don’t know for sure.
- Who do you suspect took the pencil?
- I suspect that after seeing what you have to do, you will need my help.
Conjecture- is an opinion or conclusion that is formed without having all of the information. Anytime you draw a conclusion about something before you know all the facts, it’s a conjecture. Sometimes conjectures are made because it’s not possible to get all of the information in time. Or a conjecture could be made because one is too lazy to get all of the information.
- I don’t want to conjecture about the outcome, let’s just wait and see.
- He doesn’t know what he’s talking about, it’s all conjecture.
Deduce- Means that one comes to a conclusion or fact by making a logical conclusion. Similar to conjecture one doesn’t have all of the information. However in this case the conclusion that one comes to is logical. All of the known facts are used to make a reasonable conclusion. Imagine if you’re a detective and you have a set of facts. You have to decide who commited the crime, by putting all of the facts together and making a conclusion. You would deduce the conclusion. It can be used in the same way as “figured it out”
- I deduce that’s how the dog got out of the yard.
- I don’t really have enough information to deduce an answer.
So just to wrap everything up, believe has two meanings, it means to think that something is true, and it means to simply think something. Suspect means to have an idea about something, to think that something might be true, but not knowing 100% for sure. Conjecture means to form an opinion without having all of the information. Finally, deduce means to come to a conclusion without all of the facts, but this time it’s a logical conclusion.