Welcome English Learners. This is our second group of phrasal verbs. In this lesson I am going to introduce you to three new phrasal verbs. As always I will give you their definitions and example sentences. Your goal is to use them in a sentence every day this week. By the end of the week, you should be relatively comfortable with these phrasal verbs.
Ways to Use Your New Phrasal Verbs
You can practice these words in a few different ways. Here are some of the ways I suggest you practice.
- Use them in a conversation. This could be in class, or on the street, (if you live in an English speaking country).
- Try them out on a friend who is also learning English
- Write them in a sentence. You can post your sentence here in the comment section and I’ll correct what I can.
- Google the phrase to see how other people use it.
Just use the phrases every day, in whatever way you can.
This Week’s Phrasal Verbs
This week’s phrasal verbs are bounce back, back down, and keep around
Bounce back means to recover from a negative or difficult situation. Anytime something bad happens, if you are able to turn the situation around, or later be in a better place you have bounced back.
- Five years after losing her entire life savings to a scam, she had bounced back nicely and is on track to replenish her savings.
This phrasal verb is also often used when speaking about a woman who has just had a baby. In this case it’s saying that the new mom has lost or is losing her baby weight (or the weight she gained during her pregnancy).
- Wow, she had a baby five weeks ago. She’s really bounced back fast.
Back down means to change your mind, or to no longer keep your original stance or position. When someone backs down it’s not usually because they decided they were wrong on their own, it’s usually because someone else told them they were wrong. Usually when someone backs down they have said one thing, then perhaps someone else may have challenged them or told them they were wrong or lying, and this is followed by someone changing their mind or changing what they say.
Back down can be used in a strictly verbal way, or it can be a way for someone to be much more aggressive. While back down does not involve physically touching someone, it can certainly be used with a raised voice while getting in someone’s face. So while one person may not be touching another, it can lead to that.
- For months he had said that he would produce evidence that his accusers were lying. Finally after so much time had passed and constantly being asked for the evidence, the man backed down from his original statement and said he would not challenge the validity of what his accusers said.
- I don’t care, what you say, I’m not backing down.
Keep around means to keep something near you, or to keep something close. It can refer to people or objects.
- Even though my sister moved across the country, I like to keep around pictures of when we were kids, so that I can feel like she’s still nearby.
- I like to keep around my old cell phones and use them as an alarm clock.
Check back on Mondays for more phrasal verbs.
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